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Question 1:

You are migrating SAP to Azure. The ASCS application servers are in one Azure zone, and the SAP database server in in a different Azure zone. ASCS/ERS is configured for high availability.

During performance testing, you discover increased response times in Azure, even though the Azure environment has better computer and memory configurations than the on-premises environment.

During the initial analysis, you discover an increased wait time for Enqueue.

What are three possible causes of the increased wait time? Each correct answer presents a complete solution.

NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

A. a missing Enqueue profile

B. disk I/O during Enqueue backup operations

C. misconfigured load balancer rules and health check probes for Enqueue and ASCS

D. active Enqueue replication

E. network latency between the database server and the SAP application servers

Correct Answer: CDE

E: The network latency across Availability Zones is not the same in all Azure regions. In some cases, you can deploy and run the SAP application layer across different zones because the network latency from one zone to the active DBMS VM is acceptable. But in some Azure regions, the latency between the active DBMS VM and the SAP application instance, when deployed in different zones, might not be acceptable for SAP business processes.

References: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/workloads/sap/sap-ha-availability-zones


Question 2:

You have an on-premises SAP environment that uses AIX servers and IBM DB2 as the database platform.

You plan to migrate SAP to Azure. In Azure, the SAP workloads will use Windows Server and Microsoft SQL Server as the database platform.

What should you use to export from DB2 and import the data to SQL Server?

A. R3load

B. Azure SQL Data Warehouse

C. SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)

D. R3trans

Correct Answer: A

Both R3load and SSMA can be used to migrate from DB2 to SQL Server. In the options there is not SSMA, but SSMS, the SSMS cannot be use to migrate DB2 to SQL Server.

Refer to: https://techcommunity.microsoft.com/t5/running-sap-applications-on-the/sap-os-db-migration-to-sql-server-faq/ba-p/366986 https://sapnwnewbie.blogspot.com/2013/07/osdb-migration-cmd-str-toc-ext-r3load.html https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/ssma/sql-server-migration-assistant?view=sql-server-ver15 https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/ssms/sql-server-management-studio-ssms?view=sql-server-ver15


Question 3:

You plan to migrate an SAP ERP Central Component (SAP ECC) production system to Azure.

You are reviewing the SAP EarlyWatch Alert report for the system.

You need to recommend sizes for the Azure virtual machines that will host the system.

Which two sections of the report should you review? Each correct answer presents a complete solution.

NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

A. Hardware Capacity

B. Patch Levels under SAP Software Configuration

C. Hardware Configuration under Landscape

D. Database and ABAP Load Optimization

E. Data Volume Management

Correct Answer: AC

References: https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/SM/Hardware Capacity Checks in EWA


Question 4:

You plan to migrate an SAP environment to Azure.

You need to recommend a solution to migrate the SAP application servers to Azure. The solution must minimize downtime and changes to the environments.

What should you include in the recommendation?

A. Azure Storage Explorer

B. Azure Import/Export service

C. AzCopy

D. Azure Site Recovery

Correct Answer: D

Site Recovery is used to manage and orchestrate disaster recovery of on-premises machines and Azure VMs. However, it can also be used for migration. Migration uses the same steps as disaster recovery with one exception. In a migration, failing machines over from your on-premises site is the final step. Unlike disaster recovery, you can\’t fail back to on-premises in a migration scenario.

References: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/site-recovery/migrate-tutorial-on-premises-azure


Question 5:

You plan to migrate an on-premises SAP development system to Azure.

Before the migration, you need to check the usage of the source system hardware, such as CPU, memory, network, etc.

Which transaction should you run from SAP GUI?

A. SM51

B. DB01

C. DB12

D. OS07N/ST06

Correct Answer: D

SAP transaction OS07N (Remote Operating System Activity) is classified in the Basis Component module under application component Operating System Monitors and runs Monitoring Operating System program RSHOST1N upon execution.

Incorrect Answers:

A: Transaction code SM51 is to display list of active application servers that have registered in the SAP message server.

B: DB01 is a transaction code used for Analyze Exclusive Lockwaits in SAP.

C: Transaction code DB12 is to collects and presents information that is necessary to monitor database backups.

ST06 is a transaction code used for Operating System Monitor in SAP. SAP transaction ST06 (Operating System Monitor) is classified in the Basis Component module under application component Operating System Monitors and runs Monitoring Operating System program RSHOST05 upon execution.

References: http://www.saptransactions.com/codes/OS07N/ https://www.saptransactions.com/codes/ST06/


Question 6:

Your company has an SAP environment that contains the following components:

SAP systems based on SAP HANA and SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise (SAP ASE) that run on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 (SLES 12)

Multiple SAP applications

The company plans to migrate all the applications to Azure.

You need to get a comprehensive list of all the applications that are part of the SAP environment.

What should you use?

A. the SAP license information

B. the SAP Solution Manager

C. the data volume management report

D. the network inventory and locations

Correct Answer: B

The SAP Solution Manager is a centralized robust application management and administration solution used to implement, support, operate and monitor your SAP enterprise solutions, SAP Solution Manager is a platform providing integrated content, tools, methodologies and access to SAP systems.

Incorrect Answers:

C: Data volume management is a framework that helps the solution operations team of an SAP-centric solution to balance the need of business\’ access to a wealth of data and IT efforts to monitor and control data growth and to minimize data volume.

References: https://blogs.sap.com/2009/02/20/sap-solution-manager-overview-for-dummies/


Question 7:

You plan to migrate an SAP HANA instance to Azure.

You need to gather CPU metrics from the last 24 hours from the instance.

Solution: You use DBA Cockpit from SAP GUI.

Does this meet the goal?

A. Yes

B. No

Correct Answer: A

The SAP HANA cockpit provides a single point of access to a range of SAP HANA administration and monitoring tasks. It is used to monitor and ensure the overall health of the system.

The HANA Monitoring dashboard also visualizes key HANA Metrics of SAP HANA system.

Reference: https://developers.sap.com/tutorials/dt-monitoring-hana-part1.html https://help.sap.com/viewer/afa922439b204e9caf22c78b6b69e4f2/2.10.0.0/en-US https://www.hanatutorials.com/p/hana-monitoring-dashboard.html


Question 8:

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.

After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.

You have a complex SAP environment that has both ABAP- and Java-based systems. The current on-premises landscapes are based on SAP NetWeaver 7.0 (Unicode and Non- Unicode) running on Windows Server and Microsoft SQL

Server.

You need to migrate the SAP environment to a HANA-certified Azure environment.

Solution: You deploy a new environment to Azure that uses SAP NetWeaver 7.4. You export the databases from the on-premises environment, and then you import the databases into the Azure environment.

Does this meet the goal?

A. Yes

B. No

Correct Answer: B

Instead use Azure Site Recovery to migrate.

Reference: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/site-recovery/vmware-azure-architecture


Question 9:

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.

After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.

You have a complex SAP environment that has both ABAP- and Java-based systems. The current on-premises landscapes are based on SAP NetWeaver 7.0 (Unicode and Non- Unicode) running on Windows Server and Microsoft SQL

Server.

You need to migrate the SAP environment to a HANA-certified Azure environment.

Solution: You upgrade to SAP NetWeaver 7.4, and then you migrate SAP to Azure by using Azure Site Recovery.

Does this meet the goal?

A. Yes

B. No

Correct Answer: A

We need upgrade to SAP NetWeaver 7.4 before the migration. Then Azure Site Recovery is used for the migration to Azure.

Reference: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/site-recovery/vmware-azure-architecture


Question 10:

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.

After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.

You have a complex SAP environment that has both ABAP- and Java-based systems. The current on-premises landscapes are based on SAP NetWeaver 7.0 (Unicode and Non- Unicode) running on Windows Server and Microsoft SQL

Server.

You need to migrate the SAP environment to a HANA-certified Azure environment.

Solution: You migrate SAP to Azure by using Azure Site Recovery, and then you upgrade to SAP NetWeaver 7.4.

Does this meet the goal?

A. Yes

B. No

Correct Answer: B

We need upgrade to SAP NetWeaver 7.4 before the migration.

Reference: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/site-recovery/vmware-azure-architecture


Question 11:

You have an on-premises SAP environment hosted on VMware VSphere that uses Microsoft SQL Server as the database platform.

You plan to migrate the environment to Azure. The database platform will remain the same.

You need gather information to size the target Azure environment for the migration.

What should you use?

A. the SAP EarlyWatch report

B. Azure Advisor

C. the SAP HANA sizing report

D. Azure Monitor

Correct Answer: C

https://azure.microsoft.com/nl-nl/blog/sap-on-azure-architecture-designing-for-performance-and-scalability/

“For existing on-premises systems, you should reference system configuration and resource utilization data. The system utilization information is collected by the SAP OS Collector and can be reported via SAP transaction OS07N as well as the EarlyWatch Alert.”


Question 12:

You deploy SAP HANA on Azure (Large Instances).

You need to back up the SAP HANA database to Azure.

Solution: You create a Recovery Services vault and a backup policy.

Does this meet the goal?

A. Yes

B. No

Correct Answer: A

Backup architecture

The backup process begins by creating a Recovery services vault in Azure. This vault will be used to store the backups and recovery points created over time.

The Azure VM running SAP HANA server is registered with the vault, and the databases to be backed-up are discovered. To enable the Azure Backup service to discover databases, a preregistration script must be run on the HANA server as

a root user.

This script creates AZUREWLBACKUPHANAUSER DB user and a corresponding key with the same name in hdbuserstore. Refer to the setting up permissions section to understand more about what the script does.

Azure Backup Service now installs the Azure Backup Plugin for HANA on the registered SAP HANA server.

The AZUREWLBACKUPHANAUSER DB user created by the preregistration script is used by the Azure Backup Plugin for HANA to perform all backup and restore operations. If you attempt to configure backup for SAP HANA DBs without

running this script, you might receive the following error: UserErrorHanaScriptNotRun.

To configure backup on the databases that are discovered, choose the required backup policy and enable backups.

Once the backup is configured, Azure Backup service sets up the Backint parameters at the DATABASE level on the protected SAP HANA server.

The Azure Backup Plugin for HANA maintains all the backup schedules and policy details. It triggers the scheduled backups and communicates with the HANA Backup Engine through the Backint APIs.

The HANA Backup Engine returns a Backint stream with the data to be backed up.

All the scheduled backups and on-demand backups (triggered from the Azure portal) that are either full or differential are initiated by the Azure Backup Plugin for HANA. However, log backups are managed and triggered by HANA Backup

Engineitself.

Reference:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/backup/sap-hana-db-about

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/backup/backup-azure-sap-hana-database#configure-backup


Question 13:

You have an SAP environment on Azure that uses multiple subscriptions.

To meet GDPR requirements, you need to ensure that virtual machines are deployed only to the West Europe and North Europe Azure regions.

Which Azure components should you use?

A. Azure resource locks and the Compliance admin center

B. Azure resource groups and role-based access control (RBAC)

C. Azure management groups and Azure Policy

D. Azure Security Center and Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) groups

Correct Answer: C

Azure Policy enables you to set policies to conform to the GDPR. Azure Policy is generally available today at no additional cost to Azure customers. You can use Azure Policy to define and enforce policies that help your cloud environment become compliant with internal policies as well as external regulations.

Azure Policy is deeply integrated into Azure Resource Manager and applies across all resources in Azure. Individual policies can be grouped into initiatives to quickly implement multiple rules. You can also use Azure Policy in a wide range of compliance scenarios, such as ensuring that your data is encrypted or remains in a specific region as part of GDPR compliance. Microsoft is the only hyperscale cloud provider to offer this level of policy integration built in to the platform for no additional charge.

References: https://azure.microsoft.com/de-de/blog/new-capabilities-to-enable-robust-gdpr-compliance/


Question 14:

A customer that has a large enterprise SAP environment plans to migrate to Azure. The environment uses servers that run Windows Server 2016 and Microsoft SQL Server.

The environment is critical and requires a comprehensive business continuity and disaster recovery (BCDR) strategy that minimizes the recovery point objective (RPO) and the recovery time objective (RTO).

The customer wants a resilient environment that has a secondary site that is at least 250 kilometers away.

You need to recommend a solution for the customer.

Which two solutions should you recommend? Each correct answer presents part of the solution.

NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

A. warm standby virtual machines in paired regions

B. Azure Traffic Manager to route incoming traffic

C. warm standby virtual machines in an Azure Availability Set that uses geo-redundant storage (GRS)

D. an internal load balancer to route Internet traffic

E. warm standby virtual machines in Azure Availability Zones

Correct Answer: AC

A: An Azure Region Pair is a relationship between two Azure Regions within the same geographic region for disaster recovery purposes. If one of the regions were to experience a disaster or failure, then the services in that region will automatically failover to that regions secondary region in the pair.

C: For increased availability, you can deploy two VMs with two HANA instances within an Azure availability set that uses HANA system replication for availability.

References: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/workloads/sap/sap-hana-availability-one-region


Question 15:

You plan to deploy an SAP environment on Azure that will use Azure Availability Zones. Which load balancing solution supports the deployment?

A. Azure Basic Load Balancer

B. Azure Standard Load Balancer

C. Azure Application Gateway v1 SKU

Correct Answer: B

When you deploy Azure VMs across Availability Zones and establish failover solutions within the same Azure region, some restrictions apply:

You can\’t use an Azure Basic Load Balancer to create failover cluster solutions based on Windows Server Failover Clustering or Linux Pacemaker. Instead, you need to use the Azure Standard Load Balancer SKU.

References:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/workloads/sap/sap-ha-availability-zones


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